Traditional Musical Instruments of Banten, Indonesia

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The influence of Islamic empire that entered the 16th century as one of the Banten make Islamic empire that has a shipping center and trade to the airport which is now known as the city of "old offerings". Banten became trading centers of Southeast Asia and as a center for the development of Islam during the reign of Sultan Malik Sultan Hasanuddin and Ageng Tirtayasa. Islam looks strong influence on the traditional arts, for example in rampak drum. This art shows the skill and agility hit the drum, usually dimaikan by the girls using Muslim clothing. Another breath Islma art is art Marawis, shaman, big fly, outs, qasida and rudat. In addition Banten is also known for art that highlights immunity for example whistle that use basic movements such as martial arts movement. Debus performances demonstrated immunity against sharp objects and heat, including menusukan huge spikes in the abdomen without leaving marks on the skin and cook at the top of the head. Other Banten art that rudat, calung jointly and severally, segeng, dodo, Rengkong, angklung Buhun, Disabled gacle, almamad, and Ubrug.

1. Bedug (Drum)

Bedug (Drum)
A percussion musical instruments such as drums. Drum is a traditional musical instrument that has been used since thousands of years ago, which has a function as a traditional communication tool, either in political or religious rituals. In Indonesia, a regular drum sounded for notifications regarding the times of prayer or worship. Drum made from a large piece of wood or palm trees along approximately one meter or more. The middle section tubular rods hollowed so great. The tip of the rod larger covered with animal skin that serves as a membrane or eardrum membrane. When beaten, the drum raises deep voice, pitched a typical, low, but it can be heard up to a considerable distance.

Rampak drum is a tradition inherited from the past which appears in Banten, precisely in Pandeglang. A city that has a lot of history and the beginning of the birth of the first Sundanese kingdom.

Rampak drum itself comes from the word rampak or compact. Compact or equal punches and movement. It is said that long ago before the advent of the drum, means for indicating the arrival time of worship of Muslims is gong, it's just the sound of the gong often generate a lot of sense call. Because when there is malingpun gong also sounded. So to distinguish it made the drum as a partner.

2. Angklung Buhun

Buhun Angklung is a traditional musical instrument Lebak, Banten. Named Buhun because art is born along with the presence of Bedouins.

Buhun means old, ancient (old-fashioned). Thus, the intention is angklung angklung Buhun old became artistic heritage Baduy. This art is considered to have magical value (kekuaan unseen) and sacred.

Besides this art also has significance as a connector mandate to maintain generation Baduy community.

The current group of players angklung art Buhun very rare or staged. Usually this art is now only found in rituals, such as custom event Seren Taun in Cisungsang and Seba in Baduy, Lebak.

Buhun art has the character of a simple art either in lyrics or song. Usually describes the natural surroundings thus creating an atmosphere of comfort, peace, and harmony.

3. Dogdog Lonjor
Dogdog lojor a musical instrument typical of South Banten area. This instrument played by beating, so it sounds 'dog ... dog ...'. The sound that is the origin of the name of this instrument. As for the 'lojor' means long, according shape has a length of nearly 1 meter.

A musical instrument made of wood is shaped elongated cylinder. The middle is made hollow, with one side covered with a membrane of goat skin. Goat skin is stretched by means of a rope tied with bamboo skin. Attenuation rate of goat skin determines the resulting sound.

Dogdog lojor developing allegedly first of Lebak, Banten south side. This instrument became one accompanist in the local community of traditional rituals such as Seren Taun or ruwatan. Dogdog wasp lojor hosted by a number of players as chirpy as a form of gratitude for abundant harvests.

One variation of the development of the instrument function is realized with the procession ngadu dogdog. In this procession, two groups dogdog lojor and angklung players facing each other and pitting agility. Each attempt to hit dogdog belonging to his opponent. Agility contest is wrapped with a humorous style to become a spectacle to entertain the audience.

4. Pantun Bambu
Pantun Bamboo is a traditional folk musical instrument made of bamboo Cilegon an average diameter of 10 cm length of 80 cm, segmented two holes in the middle and tongue slashed with a knife three strings veranda four scales. In one group of bamboo rhyme it takes at least three rhyme rhyme melody consisting of slap drum, bass drum bung rhyme and rhythm of drum blampak poem, which when played simultaneously will cause noise similar to or nearly equal to the accompaniment patingtung. At first rhyme music played at times unwind after farmers working the fields, with a simple bamboo equipment saapat raises an entertaining rhythm. In the current development of musical instruments œpantunâ â € € ?? has collaborated with many other musical instruments such as music patingtug, rudat, big fly, and so on. Poem is now also used to accompany songs and dances.

5. Lesung or Lisung
Lesung is a place to pound rice, which was hit with a hammer (the handle / rod) will cause strains of rice pounder rhythm distinctive and pleasing to the ear, which is usually carried six people.
Mortar pounded the arts community is one of Cilegon, Banten, named Bedrong dimples.
This art was originally a local tradition in welcoming Harvest, with the aim to express the happiness of the efforts undertaken, and that has resulted.
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